Portrait Painting and Drawing

肖像绘画或绘图描绘了特定人或动物的图像或其组。肖像的主题通常被称为“保姆”,因为传统上人们会坐在艺术家面前,让他们的肖像画。如今,当然,艺术家可以从照片上工作,所以不是每个人都必须为肖像“坐下”。

Portrait Art by Thaneeya

当他们告诉我们一些人的人时,肖像是有效和引人注目的。一个好肖像不仅仅是一个人的视觉表现;它还将揭示一些关于该人的本质。肖像揭示的肖像可能不是完全显而易见的 - 有时它可以通过某种表达或姿势,包括的对象或艺术家的颜色巧妙地暗示。有时,肖像中的人可以成为标志性的,代表一个更广泛的人群,从特定的时间内分享一些共同点。

一个强大的肖像迷住观众,将它们绘制到绘画中,并从事他们的注意力。这样的肖像画会导致观众想知道所描绘的人。通过这种方式,肖像绘画或绘画可以作为传记 - 讲述那个人的生命的故事。艺术家将仔细烹制视觉线索来讲述艺术品中的人的故事。肖像画可以揭示在社会,他们的爱好或职业或其性格或信仰方面的地方。在看肖像画时,问问自己:

What do the details in this artwork tell me about this person's life?

检查如下:

  • 表情- 保姆看起来快乐,悲伤,沉思,讽刺吗?活泼或累?和平或生气?友好或威胁?

Portrait Commission by Thaneeya
  • 姿态或姿势- 那个保姆在做什么?他们坐着还是站着?他们骑马吗?他们凝视着大海吗?拿着一篮鲜花?他们指着什么吗?

  • 服装- How is the person dressed? Are they nude? If they are clothed, do they wear fancy clothes? Military regalia? A black evening gown? Or are they more modestly dressed? Are they wearing tattered clothes? Are the fashions contemporary or old?

  • 设置- Where does the portrait take place? Is it indoors or outdoors? What do the surroundings look like? Shabby or elegant? Modern or dated? Is it in someone's kitchen? Or on top of a mountain?

  • 对象- What other objects are in the painting, besides the sitter? If they are sitting down, what kind of chair is it - a fancy ornate chair, soft velvet sofa, or a plain wooden chair? Are they holding anything? Are there objects in the painting that grab your attention?

肖像绘画的款式

As you can see, portrait paintings can tell us a lot about the person, people, or animal(s) that are depicted in the artwork. The way that the artist handles the medium will also tell us a lot about the intention behind the work. For instance, portrait painters can use any style they choose to create their artwork, each having a different effect on the overall tone of the piece.

Below I've collected a few possibilities of how an artist can handle their paints and pencils when creating a portrait painting. (All of this artwork was done by。) If you want to paint a portrait, but you're not sure where to begin, consider all of these possibilities about how a portrait can look. Compare and contrast the portrait on the left with the one on the right, noting how the different techniques determine the portrait's overall appearance.

肖像可以是逼真的......

肖像可以是现实的或表现主义

......orexpressionistic

Or they can be a multitude of其他风格。重点是,他们并不是全部看起来现实。艺术家选择的风格会改变肖像对观众的影响。造物主义者,达达,和立体主义者肖像一切都看起来非常不同,每个都会描绘不同的含义。

They can usenormal skin colors......

肖像可以有不同的颜色方案

......or非常规的颜色schemes

Strange or surprising color schemes can be used to great effect in portrait painting. It's an excellent way to convey emotion. For further examples, see Picasso's portraits painted during his蓝色时期, or these self-portraits by梵高

功能可以是详细精致的......

肖像可以是精致的or rough

......或创造粗糙的画笔描边

Another effective way to convey emotion in portrait painting is through the brushstroke. Delicate, detailed portraits often carry a certain sensitivity and thoughtfulness. An artist using rough, choppy brushstrokes approaches portrait painting from a different, more expressive angle. View thisWillem de Kooning的肖像画有关利用这些类型的笔触的抽象表达式肖像绘画的示例。

这件艺术品可能表现出来just a face......

肖像可以包含对象

......或包括不同的objects特征

绘画中包含的对象为所描绘的人提供视觉线索。虽然面部仍然是焦点,但包含其他物体通常可以向艺术品添加有趣的元素。绘画仅显示该人的脸部或身体要求观众的整个集中集中在所描绘的人身上。

面部可以三维......

肖像可以是三维或平坦的

......或者功能可以平面

The portrait can seek to replicate reality by making the figure look sculptural, as if it really existed in 3-dimensional space. Or the artist may play with the 2-dimensionality of the flat surface, and render a portrait that doesn't seek to emerge from the picture plane.

这件艺术品可能覆盖表面......

肖像可以完整或未完成

......或留下来未完成

Most people probably think of finished portrait paintings as being entirely covered with paint, all the way to the edges. But they don't have to be! Often, leaving large amounts of the artwork "blank" can create some very intriguing portrait compositions. It's a matter of建议有什么,而不是显示那里的东西。暗示,而不是讲述。

这些选择中的每一个都会影响观众所察觉的肖像。这些只是艺术家在撰写肖像时做出的一些选择的例子。有很多,还有很多!例如...

Composition, pose and size

对于初学者来说,肖像可以显示人的完整形象,或者只是头部或之间的任何组合。肖像甚至可以专注于人体的特定部分或地区,休息。一个很好的例子是这个colored pencil drawing by Alan Magee,它显示了一个女人辫子的精美细节,其余的个人资料逐渐变成了幽灵般的剪影。另一个例子是这个有趣和简单指甲花手设计艺术项目,这向您展示了如何制作独特的自画像,以您的手为特色!

The pose is also important. The person can be facing straight ahead, depicted in 1/4 turn, captured in profile, or be turned 3/4. There have even been portraits showing just the back of a person, such asAndrew Wyeth的画,克里斯蒂娜的世界。Another example of an unconventional pose for a portrait isGerhard Richter那个孩子的绘画,贝蒂,in which she is turned away from the viewer.

front view

Thaneeya的前视图肖像

1/4转

1/4查看纵向纵向by thaneeya

profile

Profile View Portrait by Thaneeya

Lastly, the size of a portrait painting is also worth mentioning. From the 16th - 18th century in Europe, the art of肖像缩放在树胶水粉或水彩中都是愤怒。在本发明的摄影之前,微型肖像绘画与今天的照片一起使用了类似的功能。这些微小的艺术品有时会小到30厘米x 40厘米。

另一方面,肖像也可能是巨大的。一个极端的例子是2.5英亩portrait of Barack Obama由古巴美洲艺术家Jorge Rodriguez-Gerada。临时肖像是由沙子和砾石制成的,位于巴塞罗那海滨。肖像的确切尺寸为445英尺(139.28×82.67米)。

大多数肖像落在这两个极端之间的某个地方!

绘画真相或改变现实?

艺术家可能会选择完全按照他们的缺陷来描述一个人 - 所包括的瑕疵,所以每一个疣,疙瘩或疤痕都在涂料中明确纪念绘制。艺术家有时可能甚至夸大一个人的特征,好坏,让人漫画。相反,艺术家可能会“请鄙视”这个人的缺陷,纠正瑕疵并呈现一个人的理想化视图。这一切都取决于艺术家与工作实现的内容,以及他们打算与之有关。例如,正在调试特殊肖像的私人收集者可能更愿意让他们的缺陷“被删除”,而不是印在颜料中的后期。

一个艺术家的一个很棒的例子,他们不害怕描绘拥有不太完美的身体的人是Jenny Saville从各种角度涂上巨大的超重肖像。她以一种方式处理油漆,即她的绘画看起来像她描绘的科目一样疲倦和重量。

另一个艺术家绘制人,漂亮或不漂亮,是Lucien Freud.。Says Freud, "I paint people not because of what they are like, not exactly in spite of what they are like, but how they happen to be". Not too long ago he landed himself in hot water amongst the British public for his画啊f the Queen。许多人批评弗洛伊德绘制了“丑陋”王后的肖像,而不是一个奉承的人。也许他们没有意识到弗洛伊德油漆大家,即使是他自己,在这种诚实但不受欢迎的方式。历史上,帝国和皇室的肖像总是被绘制在虔诚的升高的音调中。但在这些现代时代,我们看到领导者和傀儡作为人类而不是神。因此,弗洛伊德的绘画描绘了女王作为人类,而不是神圣。另外,为什么弗洛伊德以这种方式绘制肖像即将“逃脱”的另外一点:这个特殊的肖像不是由女王委托或支付的,所以作为艺术家,Lucien Freud持有权力自由以他希望执行这幅画。

肖像眼睛水彩

希望这个页面赋予您在撰写自己的肖像画时思考,并加深您对观看肖像艺术时要查找的内容的理解。现在您拥有所有这些信息,最好的事情是看待很多艺术!如果你有机会,这里有两个值得注意的艺术博物馆,这些博物馆完全致力于肖像艺术:

Mike Ivey的油肖像

看看oil painting portraits of Mike Ivey!!迈克是一位专门从事肖像画和图纸的自学艺术家。他在油漆,彩色铅笔,石墨和粉笔上工作。

保罗里士满的绘画

看看oil painting portraits of Mike Ivey!!迈克是一位专门从事肖像画和图纸的自学艺术家。他在油漆,彩色铅笔,石墨和粉笔上工作。

Henna Lesson

了解如何制作独特的自画像,特色特色!这个指甲花手设计艺术课shows you how to draw detailed henna patterns inside an outline of your hand, to create an abstract representation of your inner essence.

Learn how to appreciate art!

如何看待和了解伟大的艺术

要了解有关肖像和其他艺术主题的更多信息,请从大型课程加上查看本课程:How to Look at and Understand Great Art。如果您注册免费试用,您将立即获得课程,我会收到佣金(无需额外费用),这将有所帮助支持这个网站


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